ARMY OF OCCUPATION WORLD WAR II
NAVY OCCUPATION SERVICE MEDAL WORLD WAR II
1. Description: Army - The Bronze medal is 1 ¼ inches in width. On theobverse, the Remagen Bridge abutments below the words "ARMY OF OCCUPATION". Onthe reverse, Fujiyama with a low hanging cloud over two Japanese junks above a wave scrolland the date "1945". A Bronze clasp 1/8 inch wide and 1 ½ inches in length withthe word "GERMANY" or "JAPAN" is worn on the suspension ribbon toindicate service in Europe or the Far East. NAVY: On the obverse is Neptune mountedon a composite creature of a charging horse and a sea serpent with a trident grasped inright hand above wave scrolls. Around the bottom of the medal are the words"OCCUPATION SERVICE". The reverse is the same as the China Service Medal and isan eagle perched on the shank of a horizontal anchor with a branch of laurel entwinedaround the anchor. On the left is the word "FOR" and to the right is the word"SERVICE" and around the top is the inscription "UNITED STATES NAVY". MARINECORPS: The medal for the Marine Corps is the same as the Navy, except the inscriptionaround the top of the reverse is "UNITED STATES MARINE CORPS".
2. Ribbon: The ribbon is the same for both medals and is 1 3/8 inches wideand consists of the following stripes: 3/16 inch White 67101; ½ inch Black 67138; ½ inchScarlet 67111; and 3/16 inch White.
3. Criteria: a. The medal was awarded for 30 days consecutive service whileassigned to:
(1) Germany(excluding Berlin) between 9 May 1945 and 5 May 1955. Service between 9 May and 8 November1945 will count only if the EAME Campaign Medal was awarded for service prior to 9 May1945.
(2) Austria between9 May 1945 and 27 July 1955. Service between 9 May and 18 November 1945 will count only ifthe EAME Campaign Medal was awarded for service prior to 9 May 1945.
(3) Berlin between 9May 1945 and 2 October 1990. Service between 9 May and 8 November 1945 may be counted onlyif the EAME Campaign Medal was awarded for service prior to 9 May 1945.
(4) Italy between 9May 1945 and 15 September 1947 in the compartment of Venezia Giulia E. Zara or Province ofUdine, or with a unit in Italy designated in DA General Order 4, 1947. Service between 9May and 8 November 1945 may be counted only if the EAME Campaign Medal was awarded forservice prior to 9 May 1945.
(5) Japan between 3September 1945 and 27 April 1952 in the four main islands of Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku andKyushu; the surrounding smaller islands of the Japanese homeland; the Ryukyu Islands; andthe Bonin-Volcano Islands. Service between 3 September 1945 and 2 March 1946 will becounted only if the Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal was awarded for service prior to 3September 1945.
(6) Korea between 3September 1945 and 29 June 1949. Service between 3 September 1945 and 2 March 1946 will becounted only if the Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal was awarded for service prior to 3September 1945.
4. Components: The following are authorized components:
a. Army Medal (regular size):MIL-DTL-3943/246. Medal set with full size medal and ribbon bar. NSN 8455-00-269-5763.
b. Army Medal (miniature): MIL-DTL-3943/246.Available commercially.
c. Ribbon: MIL-DTL-11589/112. NSN8455-00-265-4910. Available commercially.
d. Foreign Service Clasp: MIL-DTL-41819/9:Germany - NSN 8455-00-249-0171; Japan - NSN 8455-00-249-0172.
e. Berlin Airlift Device: MIL-DTL-41819/13.Regular and miniature sizes. NSN 8455-00-261-4504.
5. Background: a. The Army Occupation Medal was established by WarDepartment Circular 102, dated 5 April 1946.
b. The medal was designed by Mr. ThomasHudson Jones and the first medal was presented to General Eisenhower on 2 April 1947. Theribbon design uses the color black to represent Germany and the color red to representJapan.
c. On 4 February 1948, the Secretary of theNavy requested the Heraldic Section, Department of the Army, design a suitable NavyOccupation Service Medal. This medal was designed by Mr. Thomas Hudson Jones on 30 March1948.
d. The service clasp is worn on thesuspension ribbon to indicate area of occupation. The Berlin Airlift Device is a miniatureof a C-54 type aircraft and is worn on the suspension ribbon and service ribbon toindicate 90 days consecutive service between 26 June 1948 and 30 September 1949.
Information courtesy of U.S. Army Institute of Heraldry